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Dr. KH Kim (Kyung Hee Kim) is a Professor of creativity & innovation at The College of William & Mary, in Virginia, USA. She previously taught at Eastern Michigan University and the University of Georgia, after teaching English in Korea for 10 years. With two engineers, she has won two technology patents from the USPTO: Patent No.: US 9,843,713 B2 for "Systems and Methods for Video Communication," and Patent No. US 9,843,916 B2 for "Systems and Methods for Automatic Emergency Contact Routing." Yet she has dedicated her career to the research on creativity and innovators in hopes of helping individuals, especially those who feel different, misfit, or are viewed as troublemakers, so that they can use the power of creativity to achieve their dreams. She has trained groups of individuals around the world, helping foster their and others' creativity so that all people can achieve innovation. She believes that her new book, a culmination of her research on creativity and innovators for almost 30 years, “The Creativity Challenge: How We Can Recapture American Innovation can change the world! (book in UK, book in Korea, book in China)” The book is in honor of Dr. Kim’s mother who, despite poverty, selflessly supported her children’s education and creativity.

In 2010, her study “the Creativity Crisis (Kim, 2011)," featured in Newsweek, opened a national and international dialogue on the importance of creativity in education and all areas of life. (Her study was the subject of one of the 2014 AP English Language and Composition Exam Questions.) It showed the United States has experienced a decline in creativity since 1990.
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Dr. Kim has received honors and awards for her research and service including:
  • 2018: The E. Paul Torrance Award from the National Association for Gifted Children (NAGC).
  • 2016: Service Recognition. “for Dedicated Service as Creativity Network Chair” from NAGC.
  • 2013: Service Award. “In Recognition of Service and Dedication to the Education of Gifted Children Living in Rural Poverty and the Cultivation of Their Creative Potential.” Korea Department of Education.
  • 2012: The 2012 Torrance Legacy Speaker from the University of Georgia.
  • 2011: The Early Scholar Award from NAGC.
  • 2009: The Berlyne Award from the American Psychology Association (APA).
  • 2009: The New Voice in Intelligence and Creativity Award from the University of Kansas and the Counseling Laboratory for the Exploration of Optimal States.
  • 2008: The Hollingworth Award from NAGC.
  • 2008: The Ronald W. Collins Distinguished Faculty Research Award from Eastern Michigan University (EMU).
  • 2007: The Faculty Scholarship Recognition Research Award form EMU.
  • 2005: The Doctoral Student Research Award from NAGC.
  • 2005: The E. Paul Torrance Graduate Student Research Award from the American Creativity Association (ACA).
  • 2004: The Graduate Student Research Award from the International Council of Psychologists (ICP).

In 2005, she dispelled the myth that intelligence and creativity are the same, and her meta-analysis showed that there is only a negligible relationship between IQ and creativity test scores (Kim, 2005). Dr. Kim is one of the foremost authorities on creativity and assessment of creativity. Her article “Can We Trust Creativity Tests? (Kim, 2005)” is one of the most often read articles in the field. Besides her study, "The Creativity Crisis," her assessments of sample creativity tests “How Creative Are You?” were featured in Newsweek (2010). She is regularly showcased in national and international news interviews, among them The New York Times, The U.S. News & World Report, The Wall Street Journal, Time, The Metro World News (England). Superinteressante (Brazil), Periodista La Tercera (Chile), Korrespondent (Ukraine), and The Globe and Mail (Canada).

She serves on the editorial board of major journals in Education and Psychology including:
The Creativity Research Journal
The Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts
The Open Psychology Journal
The World Journal of Behavioral Science
The Creativity Post (Blog)

She serves as the co-editor of The World Journal of Behavioral Science. , Creativity Network Newsletter of NAGC, and Creatively Gifted Students Are Not Like Other Gifted Students: Research, Theory, and Practice.

Articles (or videos) about (or related to) Dr. Kim's The Creativity Challenge: How We Can Recapture American Innovation are as follow:

별난 질문을 유도하는 교육: 김경희 교수 2017 한국영재교육학회 Keynote Speech

Moynihan, Michael (2017, May). The Creativity Crisis. TEDx Talk.

Skillicorn, Nick (2017, April). The 2017 Innovation & Creativity Summit Conference

Richtel, Matt (2017, January). To encourage creativity in kids, ask them: ‘What if”.The New York Times.

Centolanza, Brandy (2017, January). W&M professor wants to make the world better through child’s play. The WY Daily.

Alfaro, Tom, & Williard, David (2010, October). An Overview of The Creativity Challenge: How We Can Recapture American Innovation. News & Media. The College of William & Mary.

Williard, David (2010, October). The Cure for The Creativity Crisis: Backgrounds of The Creativity Challenge: How We Can Recapture American Innovation.The College of William & Mary. http://www.wm.edu/news/stories/2016/the-cure-for-the-creativity-crisis.php

Henderson, Kyrl (2015, April). How do you solve a problem? ...when the problem is you don't know how to solve problems? The 4th R Film. The ath R: The aRt of Education Trailer. http://www.4thrfilm.com/trailer/

Are Jews More Creative Than Asians? Aish.com

미국 창의성 학계에 자랑스러운 한국인, 김경희 교수의 새 책 (The Creativity Challenge: How We can Recapture American Innovation)
[출처] 미국 창의성 학계에 자랑스러운 한국인, 김경희 교수의 새 책 (The Creativity Challenge: How We can Recapture American Innovation)|작성자 미니씨

What Not To Ask At A Dinner Party: “Are Jews More Creative Than Asians?”

The Cure for The Creativity Crisis

Professor Thinks The Country Isn't Creative Enough

Does Science Say Smart People Are Creative?

Does Science Say Men Are More Creative Than Women?

Want to Be Really Creative? Science Says Science Says Do This.

What Is Creative Thinking?

Examples of editorial reviews that the publisher has received from leaders and experts in various fields from all over the world are as follow:
“The Creativity Challenge deals directly with one of the most critical problems facing not just the United States but also the entire world: nurturing the creativity so essential to our modern times. KH Kim not only is up to the challenge but also displays considerable creativity in meeting that challenge.”
Dean Keith Simonton, Distinguished Professor of Psychology, University of California–Davis, and editor of The Wiley Handbook of Genius

“KH Kim is an original and thoughtful researcher whose work has helped shape how the world thinks about creativity.”
John Baer, professor at Rider University and author of Domain Specificity of Creativity and Being Creativity Inside and Outside the Classroom

“This fascinating book is both a personal and a provocative take on creativity and innovation. Written by a leading scholar, it is filled with case studies, metaphors, and action plans. There’s something of interest for everyone here.”
James C. Kaufman, professor of educational psychology, University of Connecticut

“The American education system has a real problem: it’s squelching the creative possibilities in all people. With practical advice and charm, KH Kim gives hope to parents, educators, adults, and even organizations, that creativity can be improved. It’s time to support the passions of the ‘troublemaker’ in all of us—and help people turn these passions and proclivities into products that can change the world for the better. The Creativity Challenge shows us how. ”
Scott Barry Kaufman, Scientific Director of the Imagination Institute

“With The Creativity Challenge Dr. Kim presents a compelling work of scholarship based on extensive research and analysis, and it is made accessible by the way she shares personal stories of her life and the examples of well-known creative geniuses. This work is readable and interesting. She has organized the information into a logical system that is supported by data, and she makes what could be complex and difficult information easier to understand. She presents the problem, analyzes it, then provides possible solutions. An impressive work about a critically important topic.”
Kyrl Henderson, award-winning filmmaker and producer of The 4th R: The aRt of Education

“When it comes to creativity, KH Kim is one of the nation’s top experts. In The Creativity Challenge, Kim draws from her wealth of knowledge and puts it to practical use by providing readers with a fascinating and actionable blueprint for building innovation in schools, business, government, and within individuals and teams. Her unique approach describes the different climates and attitudes that enable creative thinking skills and exactly how to cultivate and nurture them. The Creativity Challenge is a remarkably powerful and effective tool for anyone who wants to build innovation in any aspect of their life—and for the long-term competiveness of our nation, and the world.”
Peter Economy, INC columnist and bestselling business author

“Full of provocative metaphors, helpful distinctions, and practical suggestions, The Creativity Challenge is a must-read for educators, parents, and policymakers alike. The author points the way to schooling that not only helps students to understand and master ‘the box’ but also enables them to think and work outside of it—an education all children need and deserve.”
David Chojnacki, executive director, Near East South Asia Council of Overseas Schools

“The Creativity Challenge is inspiring, insightful, and instructional for parents, educators, and businesses alike, and it provides tangible methods and ideas to cultivate the creativity within all of us. The 4S method is one of the more compelling metaphors I’ve ever heard and is incredibly useful in uncovering ways to maximize creativity.”
Darren Paul, cofounder, Inkboard

“Intelligence by itself is overrated. What the world desperately needs, in order to cope with the rate of change and complexity, is to nurture and engage the creative power of all people. This book will likely start a creativity revolution in America—and level the playing field for solving complex problems throughout the world.”
Wendy Luhabe, social entrepreneur, economic activist, and author of Defining Moments

“Yin and yang, East and West, earthy and ethereal, this treatise born from experiences in impoverished postwar Korea and refined through years of study in both Korea and the United States results in a very practical and enlightening guide to the nurturance of creativity. Affected by her findings of a decline in creativity in the United States, which prompted the bombshell Newsweek cover story of the creativity crisis in America, the author combines her homespun knowledge of nature and farming with scholarly findings to produce earthy metaphors for the theoretical aspects of creativity. Highly readable, this book has much to offer its two primary audience - parents and educators - as well as anyone else interested in creativity.”
Bonnie Cramond, professor, former director of the Torrance Center for Creativity and Talent Development, Department of Educational Psychology, University of Georgia

“In an era of standardized testing, this book presents welcome, needed, and inclusive strategies for researchers, parents, teachers, and educational administrators to help students reach their creative potential, achieve innovation, and make positive changes in the world. KH Kim’s book is engaging to read as she interweaves a metaphor of growth and generation across the four seasons to tell her own story and those of four exceptional and creative innovators who differ in gender, cultural backgrounds, religious beliefs, and areas of expertise.”
Enid Zimmerman, Professor Emerita of Art Education and coordinator of Gifted and Talented Programs, Indiana University School of Education

“I was among the throngs of journalists who sought out Dr. Kim in 2010 after her startling research made headlines. Dr. Kim is uniquely qualified to write about this subject, having transcended what would have been insurmountable to most. Deploying her passions and determination, she exquisitely reimagined her restrictive life in a Korean village, achieving her dreams and becoming a true citizen of the world.
This deftly written book calls to mind futurists and visionaries like Alvin Toffler and Guy Kawasaki. The Creativity Challenge is a seminal study of what hangs in the balance if America doesn’t reclaim its place as a creatively focused culture. I read parts of Kim’s book aloud to others, including an immigrant. The power of her ideas ignited an afternoon-long discussion on the troubling decline of American creativity.
Kim has written a guidebook that reads with the power of a memoir—if we Americans would reclaim our place as a true superpower, we must heed her admonitions.”
Cynthia Adams, magazine writer and editor; author of The Mysterious Case of Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, The Extraordinary Ordinary, and Centennial: Graduate Education at the University of Georgia, 1910–2010

“Part memoir, part profiles in innovation, Kim’s book is a thoroughly researched look at nurturing and developing creativity and innovation. She is convincing in her argument that much is lost when adults (perhaps unwittingly) rob children of their natural creative potential. Provocative and compelling, The Creativity Challenge is a must-read for school leaders, education-policy decision makers, ‘teacherpreneurs,’ business leaders, and all who live with or work with children.”
Judy Galbraith, author of The Survival Guide for Gifted Kids, president and founder of Free Spirit Publishing, and recipient of the E. Paul Torrance Creativity Award

“A revolutionary insight into how human beings can become breakthrough innovators by fully realizing their creative potential, and why this is good for our health and well-being—especially in this time of creativity crisis in America, as well as its loss of a competitive economic edge and a disturbing level of depression among its citizens. The right book at the right time for EVERYONE. For parents concerned with optimal development of children and their happiness. For men and women, regardless of age and profession, on how to accomplish true success in life (via an actualization of creative abilities and fulfillment of innovation talents). Women will also learn how to not repeat the sad destiny of Mileva Marić, Einstein’s first wife, but instead to become great achievers. For organizations trying to survive in today’s global economy by bringing a constant stream of innovation to life. For governments (and policy-decision makers) dealing with how to not ‘abort’ new ideas of citizens and thus not kill potential innovations but rather develop a strong innovation-based economy and a society flourishing on wise creative solutions to urgent problems of civilization. Bravo, Dr. Kim! I could not do it better myself.”
Larisa Shavinina, professor and editor in chief of the bestselling International Handbook on Innovation and two other fields-defining handbooks, International Handbook on Giftedness and The Routledge International Handbook of Innovation Education

“KH Kim’s book is a fascinating read on how different cultures view and value creativity in children. I enjoy how Kim uses her personal background as well as stories from famous role models throughout history to demonstrate how different environments, experiences, and attitudes impact a child’s creativity. Parents and teachers alike can benefit from reading this book and learning how to better provide a creativity outlet for the children in their lives and to better foster the creative process in children.”
Brandy Centolanza, freelance journalist

“Kim provides a cultural, historical, and research-based perspective on innovation and creativity. Climate, attitude, and thinking skills are presented in a unique way with a metaphorical basis in nature. My favorite quote in this book is, ‘Young innovators hold their heads high and imagine a bright future. Even when they’re wrong, they stay positive, correct, improve, and succeed.’ We need innovators now and in the future. Kim provides the steps to help educators and parents provide the appropriate climate to support and create our young and future innovators.”
Laurie B. Abeel, ISS, Department of Defense Education Activity (DoDEA)

“KH Kim’s research, in which she documents the decline of creative thinking among American schoolchildren over the past twenty-five years, should be at the top of the must-understand list for everyone involved in children’s education. In this book Kim describes the social and cultural conditions that promote or inhibit the creative impulse with which we are all born. I find most intriguing her description of her own struggle to overcome the constraints on creativity and self-expression in the culture in which she was raised. The writing is clear and charming. Perhaps because of her bicultural experiences and because English is not her first language, Kim’s writing is free from the constraints both of Korean Confucianism and Western academese.”
Peter Gray, research professor at Boston College and author of Free to Learn: Why Unleashing the Instinct to Play Will Make Our Children Happier, More Self-Reliant, and Better Students for Life

“The Creativity Challenge is a highly readable meditation on the environmental influences and personal qualities associated with creative figures such as Albert Einstein and Steve Jobs. Especially interesting is the discussion of how differences between cultures, particularly between American and Confucian cultures, may influence creativity at the societal level. Kim’s personal anecdotes about her traditional Korean upbringing and later transition to America are an especially fascinating illustration of these cultural differences. Very compelling.”
John Kounios, coauthor of The Eureka Factor: Aha Moments, Creative Insight, and the Brain, and professor of psychology, Drexel University

“KH Kim brings a new perspective to her groundbreaking research to provide insights for parents and educators who seek to understand how we can foster creativity in young people. Using the simple analogy of a garden, she describes how critical elements (sun, soil, storm, space) can nurture creativity in individuals. Kim draws on in-depth biographical case studies of renowned creative thinkers—Jobs, Mandela, O’Keefe, Curie, and Einstein—to illustrate how their unremarkable experiences collectively shaped creative men and women who changed the course of the world’s views on politics, art, engineering, science, and technology. The book is intertwined with her own fascinating life story of her impoverished childhood in a remote South Korean village; the chance interactions and experiences that led her to become a wife, a mother, and a teacher in Seoul; to the spontaneous journey to American academia and a professorship at one of America’s oldest and most prestigious universities. Though based on her original US-centric research, this book will resonate with and provide food for thought for readers worldwide.”
Mary E. Langford, international education consultant; director of admissions, Dwight School London; and former deputy director, European Council of International Schools

“KH Kim provides us with a playful, personal, and evidenced-based exploration of why and how to nurture creativity in ourselves and our children—and how we can go about it.”
Susan Linn, author of The Case for Make Believe: Saving Play in a Commercialized World

“The Creativity Challenge presents a comprehensive, evidence-based model for unleashing the creative potential within all of us. Dr. Kim, one of the world’s foremost creativity scholars, sheds welcome light on what creativity really is, where it comes from, and how it can be nurtured—in ourselves and in the next generation. With stories from the lives of world-renowned innovators, as well as her own improbable journey from rural Korea, she illustrates the climates, attitudes, and thinking that support creativity and innovation. The Creative Challenge is a great resource in my roles as parent, educator, and business consultant.”
James Olver, PhD, associate professor, Mason School of Business, the College of William and Mary

“Dr. Kim’s recounting of her humble beginnings and her courageous pathway to completing her doctorate at the University of Georgia is a perfect backdrop to this wonderful book. In clear words, she explains what creativity is and points out the reasons why providing students with opportunities to enhance their own creative strengths is crucial for our next generation of leaders and citizens. The book is a must-read for both the general public as well as for college students. Personally, I look forward to using it as a text in Drexel’s master’s and doctoral programs in creativity and innovation, as it provides a balance of in-depth creativity content and clear and pleasant reading.”
Fredricka Reisman, Creativity and Innovation Director, Drexel/Torrance Center for Creativity and Innovation, Drexel University

“Dr. Kim had a challenging childhood that, through her own determination and some well-timed help, turned into a remarkable career. Her insight into the creative process is keen. Current and future challenges will need innovation to be solved. We must best consider her advice.”
Erik Sherman, journalist and author

“The Creativity Challenge: How We Can Recapture American Innovation by KH Kim is a highly readable book that offers three practical steps aimed for parents/educators, organizations, and creative adults to encourage American children—and adults—to develop their creativity and creative attitudes. Using research, personal anecdotes, real-world examples, and the lives of famous people, Kim describes the creativity crisis and the United States’ current test-centric approach to education. Her solution to the crisis is presented using gardening metaphors and ways of cultivating cultural climates that are both intriguing and creative themselves. The Creativity Challenge will inspire readers into action to recapture their own creativity and nurture it in others.”
Lisa F. Smith, Professor, University of Otago, New Zealand

“Kim narrates both her humble upbringing and adult challenges with great honesty. She ventures deep into the lives of famous innovators, synthesizing views, synchronizing rhythms across professional fields, and broadening the space of innovation for others. Her insightful conclusions and recommended actions transform the book into a bright-hearted journey that most readers will appreciate: embracing all, creating life, and inspiring compassion.”
Ai-Girl Tan, chief editor of the Creativity of the Twenty First Century series
Dr. Kim's research interests are as follow:
Focusing on promoting innovation and creativity in individuals , she has
  • developed the Creative CAT model (Climate, Attitude, & Thinking), which identifies the effects of creative climates on creative attitudes and the effects of creative attitudes on creative thinking skills;
  • developed the 4S Creativity model (soil, sun, storm, & space), which cultivates creative climates that nurture creative attitudes in individuals;
  • developed the ION Creative Thinking model (Inbox, Outbox, & Newbox), which establishes inbox (expertise & critical thinking), outbox (fluent, flexible, & original thinking), and newbox (synthesis, transformation, & presentation) thinking skills for creative thinking that leads to innovation;
  • developed the Apple Creative Thinking Process model, which consists of four seasons of winter (expertise accumulation & needs identification), spring (idea generation, subconscious processing, & idea evaluation), summer (idea synthesis & idea transformation), and fall (idea presentation) creative thinking processes;
  • identified both positive and negative aspects of creative individuals' personality traits and attitudes;
  • assessed creative behaviors in various ways and examined the reliability and validity of creativity assessments;
  • developed effective educational interventions and curriculum for cultivating creative climates and nurturing creative attitudes and behaviors in students;
  • developed effective parenting strategies that cultivate creative climates in the homes, nurture creative attitudes in the children, and produce creative thinking skills in their minds.

Dr. Kim's research findings have reached and benefited leaders and innovators around the world in education, businesses, and other organizations by providing the much needed spark for change. A brief description of each media that mentioned or discussed is as follows:

i) Major Media Attention
Economy, Peter (2016, September). Want to be really creative? Science says do this. The Inc. http://www.inc.com/peter-economy/want-to-raise-really-creative-kids-science-says-always-do-this.html

Posel, Susanne (2016, August). The disturbing reason why kids don't play outside anymore. The NSNBC International. http://nsnbc.me/2016/08/30/the-disturbing-reason-why-kids-dont-play-outside-anymore/

Helsinki & Needham (2016, June). Flying high: A new crop of hands-on universities is transforming how students learn. The Economist. http://www.economist.com/news/international/21701081-new-crop-hands-universities-transforming-how-students-learn-flying-high

Sherman, Erik (2016, May). 6 Brain science surprises about being creative: Researchers who study creativity say a lot of what we think we know is wrong. The Inc. http://www.inc.com/erik-sherman/6-brain-science-surprises-about-being-creative.html

Flannery, Mary Ellen (2016, April). Unlocking happiness in the classroom. The NEA Today: News and Features from the National Education Association. http://neatoday.org/2016/04/19/happiness-in-the-classroom/

Ridinger, Mark HT. (2015, May). Is your child's creativity going unnoticed? The Huffington Post: Inform. Inspire, Entertain. Empower. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/mark-ht-ridinger-md/is-your-childs-creativity_b_6878112.html

Trinko, Katrina (2015, March). Give kids a break on homework: Parents upset over a ban by the New York City public school. They shouldn't be. The USA Today. http://www.usatoday.com/story/opinion/2015/03/18/homework-school-children-tv-creativity-trinko-column/24700091/

The Batten Institute University of Virginia Darden School of Business (2015, March). How America's education model kills creativity and entrepreneurship. Forbes. http://www.forbes.com/sites/darden/2015/03/19/how-americas-education-model-kills-creativity-and-entrepreneurship-2/#2d6f830c1ac7

Yu, Jae Myung (2013, July). Creativity-only leads to amateur; effort is necessary for pro. The Hankyoreh. http://www.hani.co.kr/arti/science/science_general/594106.html

White, Martha C. (2013, January). Why being bored at work isn’t such as terrible thing. NBC News. http://www.cnbc.com/id/10037398

Wuorio, Jeff (2013, January). What does the “creativity crisis” mean for innovation? The Entrepreneur. https://www.entrepreneur.com/article/225505 Originally published in Business On Main.

Miranda, Carolina A. (2012, December). Why creative education is important for kids. The Parenting Magazine. http://www.parenting.com/article/creative-play

Gray, Peter (2012, September). As children’s freedom has declined, so has their creativity in freedom to learn. Psychology Today. http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/freedom-learn/201209/children-s-freedom-has-declined-so-has-their-creativity

Mcilroy, Anne (2012, August). Neuroscientists try to unlock the origins of creativity. The Globe and Mail. http://www.theglobeandmail.com/technology/science/neuroscientists-try-to-unlock-the-origins-of-creativity/article565081

Zhao, Yong. (2012, July). Doublethink: The creativity-testing conflict. Education Week, 31, 26-32. http://www.edweek.org/ew/articles/2012/07/18/36zhao_ep.h31.html

Miranda, Carolina A. (2012, January). Why we need to let kids be creative. CNN. http://www.cnn.com/2012/01/03/living/let-kids-be-creative-p/

Pannell, Tim (2011, September). Are Americans smarter than ever? IQ test scores in the U.S. increased by an average of three points per decade during the 20th century. The Week. http://theweek.com/article/index/219002/are-americans-smarter-than-ever

Author. (2011, August). Are kids less creative? Study shows today’s kids less imaginative. Fox News. http://www.foxnews.com/health/2011/08/12/are-todays-youth-less-creative-imaginative.html*Appeared on two dozen Fox affiliates across the country.

Author. (2011, August). Study: Kids are less creative. ABC – Good Morning America. http://s3.amazonaws.com/TVEyesMediaCenter/UserContent/55192/745356.6813/KITV_08-14-2011_05.27.40.wmv

Rettner, Rachael (2011, August). Are today’s youth less creative & imaginative? Fox News, MSNBC, Huffington Post, Virginia Gazette, Mother Nature Network, Big Think. Originally posted on Live Science,

Ashford, Kate (2011, February). Crank up your creativity! It's in you--the ability to come up with innovative ideas and inspired solutions. Here's how to tap those imaginative skills. The Women’s Health Magazine. http://www.womenshealthmag.com/life/creative-thinking

Mcilroy, Anne (2011, January). Neuroscientists try to unlock the origins of creativity. The Globe and Mail, Canada. http://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/technology/science/neuroscientists-try-to-unlock-the-origins-of-creativity/article1887117/

Tribushnaya, Elena (2011, January). The way modern technologies influence people. The Korrespondent (Ukraine).

Bernardo, André (2011). The Superinteressante Magazine (Rio de Janeiro, Brazil)

Shellenbarger, Sue (2010, December). A Box? Or a Spaceship? What Makes Kids Creative? The Wall Street Journal. http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052748704694004576019462107929014.html

Tsuei, Christina (2010, December). Teaching Math to Spark Creative Thinking. The Wall Street Journal. http://online.wsj.com/video/teaching-math-to-spark-creative-thinking/AC03BCF2-3298-4801-80E6-78A6EE76E57C.html

Britannica Editors. (2010, December). 10 Britannica Interviews from 2010 you shouldn’t have missed. The Encyclopedia Britannica. http://blogs.britannica.com/2010/12/10-britannica-interviews-from-2010-you-shouldnt-have-missed

Braw, Elisabeth (2010, November). They don’t make creative kids like this anymore. The Metro World News. http://www.metronews.ca/news/2010/11/23/they-dont-make-creative-kids-like-this-anymore.html

Landau, Meryl Davids (2010, November). 4 Ways to Unleash Your Creative Genius. The U.S. News & World Report. http://health.usnews.com/health-news/family-health/living-well/articles/2010/12/02/4-ways-to-unleash-your-creative-genius

Silverthorne, Sean. (2010, November). Take advantage of America’s diminishing creativity. Money Watch, CBS News. http://www.cbsnews.com/news/take-advantage-of-americas-diminishing-creativity/

Landau, Meryl Davids (2010, November). How to Encourage Your Kid's Creativity. The U.S. News & World Report. http://health.usnews.com/health-news/family-health/childrens-health/articles/2010/12/02/how-to-encourage-your-kids-creativity

Campbell, Anita (2010, November). Why you should treat your employees like children. The American Express Open Forum.

Author. (2010, October). America’s scores drop on creativity tests. The Daily Stat, The Harvard Business Review. http://web.hbr.org/email/archive/dailystat.php?date=102910

Shontell, Alyson (2010, October). America’s creativity is declining for the first time ever. Is technology to blame? The Business Insider. http://www.businessinsider.com/research-shows-our-youth-are-losing-their-creativity-2010-10

Rogers, K. (2010, October). Explaining the Decline of Creativity in American Children. Online Encyclopedia Britannica.

Abate, Jannifer. (2010, September). Quiere ser creative? Abứrrase lo mάs possible. //Periodista La Tercera// (Chile).

Schrage, Michael (2010. August). The creativity crisis? What creativity crisis? The Harvard Business Review. https://hbr.org/2010/08/the-most-important-thing-to.html

Duncan, David Ewing (2010, August). New study says America is losing its innovative edge. The Fiscal Times.http://www.thefiscaltimes.com/Articles/2010/08/25/New-Study-Says-America-is-Losing-its-Innovative-Edge.aspx

Costello, Bill (2010, August). The last American skill. The Korea Times. http://www.koreatimes.co.kr/www/news/opinon/2011/01/162_70651.htmlAlso, published in
The Shenzhen Daily. The last U.S. skill. http://szdaily.sznews.com/html/2010-08/23/content_1203601.htm

Salmon, Felix (2010, July). Are kids getting less creative? Reuters: Business & Financial News, Breaking US & International News http://blogs.reuters.com/felix-salmon/2010/07/13/are-kids-getting-less-creative/

Author, (2010, July). “American innovation’ is an old story, The LA Korea Daily News. http://www.koreadaily.com/news/read.asp?art_id=1058599

Bronson, Po. & Merryman, Ashley. (2010, July). The Creativity Crisis, Newsweek. http://www.newsweek.com/2010/07/10/the-creativity-crisis.html

Bronson, Po, & Merryman, Ashley (2010, July). How Creative Are You?, Newsweek. http://www.newsweek.com/photo/2010/07/10/creativity-test.html

ii) Other Media Attention
Spyker, Marisa (2016, October). The cure for the creativity crisis. News & Media. The College of William & Mary. http://www.wm.edu/news/stories/2016/the-cure-for-the-creativity-crisis.php

Wright, Wesley (2016, October). Professor thinks the country isn’t creative enough. The Virginia Gazette. http://www.vagazette.com/news/va-vg-wmdigest-1019-20161019-story.html

Author (2016, August). Is the use of standardized tests improving education in America? The ProCon. Org: The Leading Source For Pros & Cons Of Controversial Issues. http://standardizedtests.procon.org/

Berry, Razi (2016, August). The school system: The incarceration of children. New Paradigm. WS. http://www.newparadigm.ws/articles/the-school-system-the-incarceration-of-children/

O'Mara, Kevin (2016, August). Innovation with Vision. Campbell University. https://www.campbell.edu/features/innovation-with-vision

Bramley, Barrie (2016, July). Is there a creativity decline? Does it matter? #CrayonProject, innovation and creativity, play, scarce skills. The Barrie Bramley: Conference Speaker Curious Distruptor. http://barriebramley.com/blog/

Tooke, Kate (2016, July). Where work meets play. The Sasaki. http://www.sasaki.com/blog/view/782/
Originally published in the July issue of the National Recreation and Parks Association's (NRPA) Magazine, Parks and Recreation.

Myerson, Rachel (2016, June). Spectrums of play; Kids today. The Atar LIfe. https://www.atarlife.com/spectrums-of-play-kids-today

Futterman, Laurie (2016, June). Salvaging your child's creativity--the new literacy. The Miami Herald.

Marsden, Rhodri (2016, June). Is technology stifling creativity?: An argument for # no filter. Digg. Originally published on TheLong+Short. http://digg.com/2016/technology-and-creativity

Author (2016, May). Why are imagination and creativity important. Future Leaders Project. http://www.futureleadersproject.com/why-it-s-important.html

Fravel, Nicole (2016, April). Legos and creativity: How people play affects new task approach. Decoded Parenting. http://decodedparenting.com/legos-creativity-people-play-affects-new-task-approach/41476

Callahan, Caroline (2016, April). Creative thinking in action: How the wilderness can improve creativity. Voyageur Outward Bound School Blog, The Voyageur Outward Bound School. http://www.vobs.org/creative-thinking-action-wilderness-can-improve-creativity/

Author (2016, April). Off online festival. March 9-12, 2017 Decorah, Iowa. ONEOTA Film Festival: Inform. Inspire. Engage.

Adrián Soy (2016, April). . Zolani.

Admin (2016, April). Children, education, & unrealistic expectations. The Advanced Apologies. http://www.advancedapologies.com/to-be-honest/children-education/

Wells, Lisa Dewey (2016, March). What is creativity? The Wonder Of Children. http://wonderofchildren.com/what-is-creativity/

Author (2016, March). Teaching for creativity. The Keeping Creativity Alive, Canada. http://keepingcreativityalive.com/what-is-creativity/teaching-for-creativity/

Chait, Jennifer (2016, March). The brown flower syndrome--declining creativity in school children. The Growing A Green Family
: Eco-Friendly Living Year-Round. http://www.growingagreenfamily.com/the-brown-flower-syndrome-declining-creativity-in-school-children/

Wright, Bianca (2016, March). The importance of creative play: Don't stifle your children's creative play, as this is when they are doing most of their learning. The Child Magazine: South Africa's Best Guide For Parents. http://www.childmag.co.za/content/importance-creative-play#.V-6oDpOAOkp

Author (2016, March). Four learning areas. The Wildflower Studio. https://wildflowerstudiobtv.com/stations/

Luedtke, Heidi Smith (2016, March). What’s killing creativity in kids? The Metro Parent Daily: For Southeast Michigan. http://www.metroparent.com/daily/parenting/parenting-issues-tips/whats-killing-creativity-in-kids/

Author (2016, February). Quotations: Kyung Hee Kim. The Washington Times. http://www.washingtontimes.com/topics/kyung-hee-kim/

Venson, Viktor (2016, February). Creativity in America is on life support. Werewolves and Silver Bullets.

Anderson, Jenny (2016, February). Is there a digital solution to unstructured, creativity-enhancing play? Quartz. http://qz.com/613098/a-new-kind-of-game-for-kids-encourages-creativity-by-eliminating-goals/

Author (2016, February). Is there a creativity and innovation crisis? The Destination Creativity. http://destinationcreativity.com/creativity-in-crisis/

Author (2016, January). 21st century skills and education: The decline of 21st century skills in American children. Kaboom: Play Matters. https://kaboom.org/play_matters/21st_century_skills_and_education

The Dope Society (2016, January). And your truth shall set you free: Inspiration. Instagram. https://www.instagram.com/p/9yaQrOIFJg/

Gray, Peter (2016, January). Backing off is hard to do: But there are many benefits to letting your kid play, letting your kid be. Toca Boca Magazine. https://tocaboca.com/magazine/backing-off-is-hard-to-do/

Author (2016, January). Why do we need the CCL? Child Creativity Lab. http://childcreativitylab.org/index.php/whyccl

Author (2016, January). Creating creative children: Despite what you may have heard, creativity can be learned, and our children need to be taught how to do it not more than ever. Mensa: American Mensa. http://www.us.mensa.org/learn/gifted-youth/insights-into-gifted-youth/creating-creative-children/

Psychology Schools & Colleges (2016, January). Measuring creativity. All Psychology Careers. http://www.technapex.com/2012/09/study-reports-decline-in-student-creativity/

Author (2016, January). What is creativity? Cultivating creativity. Open Colleges. http://www.opencolleges.edu.au/informed/cultivating-creativity/#.V-067pOAOkp

Worwood, Matthew (2016, January). Parent partners in education: Understanding creativity. Dads for Creativity. http://dadsforcreativity.com/parent-partners-in-education/

Sax, Leonard (2015, December). For readers of the Wall Street Journal. Supplement for the Wall Street Journal. http://www.leonardsax.com/WSJ.htm

Mehrotra, Pronita (2015, December). Can creativity show the Flynn Effect? MindAntix Blog. http://blog.mindantix.com/

Blake, Caitrin (2015, December). Defining creative literacy: Why students should learn to think creatively. Literacy Resources, Concordia University, Nebraska. http://online.cune.edu/defining-creative-literacy/

Hathaway, Nan E. & Jaquith, Diane B. (2015, November). Where's the revolution: Bringing creative thinking and personalization into all classrooms would be a true revolution learning. Academic Journal Article: Phi Delta Kappan. Questia: Trusted Online Research. https://www.questia.com/library/journal/1G1-367421205/where-s-the-revolution-bringing-creative-thinking

Petersen, Julie (2015, October). Cause and effect essay: What causes students to think college is boring? The Ask Petersen. http://askpetersen.com/cause-and-effect-essay-is-college-boring/

Bain, Barnet. (2015, October). Reclaiming your creative self//.// The Alanis Morissette. http://alanis.com/wellness/reclaiming-your-creative-self/

Maunder, Justine (2015, September). Disney's citizenship performance summary-- think creatively. The Bemusement of The Blooloop. http://www.blooloop.com/blog/2015/09/disneys-citizenship-performance-summary-think-creatively/

Elias, Carol (2015, September). Keeping ideas and creativity alive in children. The New Vistas Center for Education.

Author (2015, August). Why is creativity in decline? The Core Knowledge Blog, The Core Knowledge Foundation. http://blog.coreknowledge.org/2015/08/13/why-is-creativity-in-decline/

Author (2015, July). What do Monet, Edison, Churchill, and Einstein have in common? The Sparkitivity. http://sparkitivity.com/

Eskafi, Farzad (2015, June). Igniting creativity. The Pozible. https://pozible.com/project/30988

Zook, Jeffrey, R. (2015, May). What has happened to creativity in children? Doctor Zook. http://www.doctorzook.com/whathashappenedtocreativityinchildren/

Henderson, Kyrl (2015, April). How do you solve a problem? ...when the problem is you don't know how to solve problems? The 4th R Film. The ath R: The aRt of Education Trailer. http://www.4thrfilm.com/trailer/

Participants. http://www.4thrfilm.com/participants/

Potter, Phoebe (2015, April). Are American school models killing creativity and entrepreneurship. The Blue Print. //http://thebablueprint.com/4896/the-low-down/are-american-school-models-killing-creativity-a//nd-entrepreneurship/

Fry, Gerard W. (2015, March). Chalk talk: "Education to foster not stifle creativity." The Nation Multimedia: Insightful, In Trend, Independent. The Classroom Think Tank. http://thinktank.sommer-sommer.com/blog-2/

Garisto Pfaff, Leslie (2015, March). Thrive in 2025: Inspire creativity: Reading and math are the priorities for schools, but out-of-the-box thinking skills will be the key to a kid's success. The Parents Magazine. http://www.parents.com/kids/development/thrive-in-2025/inspire-creativity/Originally published in the September 2011 issue of Parents Magazine.

Big Thinking Editors (2015, February). Why today's kids are less creative. The Big Think. http://bigthink.com/ideafeed/why-todays-kids-are-less-creative

Reeves, Douglas (2015, January). Creativity, risk, the classroom, and the economy: Three ideas to get creativity back on track. The Solution Tree. http://www.solution-tree.com/blog/creativity-risk-classroom-economy/

Author (2015, January). Why do we need creativity? Creativity For Life: Inspiration & Guidance For Creative Entrepreneurs!

Meikle, Scott (2014, December). Embracing our creativity. The Independent School Magazine, The National Association of Independent Schools: NAIS: Participate, Learn, Analyze. http://www.nais.org/Magazines-Newsletters/ISMagazine/Pages/Embracing-Our-Creativity.aspx

Halberstadt, Erik (2014, November). Were people smarter and more creative in the 1980s? What else could explain all the amazing things that happened in the 1980s? The Quora. https://www.quora.com/Were-people-smarter-and-more-creative-in-the-1980s

Robb, Laura (2014, October). 10 Actions to reverse our national creativity crisis. The Middle Web: All About the Middle Grades. http://www.middleweb.com/18110/10-actions-to-reverse-creativity-crisis/

Crabb, Heidi (2014, September). Back to school: 3 easy ways to encourage creativity everyday. The Spark: The Artterro: Art of The Earth. http://blog.artterro.com/?m=201409

Marom, Lital (2014, September). Outsmarting the world: Three reasons why hackers lead the pack. The Joan Ganz Cooney Center. http://www.joanganzcooneycenter.org/2014/09/15/outsmarting-the-world-three-reasons-why-hackers-lead-the-pack/

Knowledge@Wharton (2014, August). Can creativity be taught? The Wharton Business School of the University of Pennsylvania. http://knowledge.wharton.upenn.edu/article/can-creativity-be-taught/

Cropley, David (2014, August). Good habits foster creativity--whether you're nine or 99. The Conversation: Academic Rigor, Journalistic Flair. http://theconversation.com/good-habits-foster-creativity-whether-youre-nine-or-99-30101

Eanes, Rebecca (2014, July). 5 ways to encourage creativity through play. The Creative Child Magazine: Helping Parents Nurture Their Child's Creativity. http://www.creativechild.com/articles/view/5-ways-to-encourage-creativity-through-play

Obregon, Kate Canada (2014, June). 3 obstacles to creativity and how to overcome them. The HubSpot. http://blog.hubspot.com/agency/3-obstacles-creativity-overcome#sm.0001paxekii50fd0tfb2j2p49aanf

Reeves, Doug & Reeves, Brooks (2014, June). What happened to creativity? Change Leaders. Originally published in //Learning Forward Ontario//. http://changeleaders.com/what-happened-to-creativity-by-doug-reeves-and-brooks-reeves/

Penn, Christopher S. (2014, May). Getting creative: The looming creative deficit. The Shift Communications.

Stavis, Elizabeth (2014, May). Are traditional classrooms killing creativity? The Wordsmatter. https://elizabethstavis.com/2014/05/

Fuglei, Monica.(2014, April). Three ways for teachers to reclaim creativity in the classroom. The Concordia University, Portland, Oregon. http://education.cu-portland.edu/blog/news/three-ways-for-teachers-to-reclaim-creativity-in-the-classroom/
Originally published in the Featured Stories.

Kaufman, Scott Barry (2014, March). Reimagining college admissions criteria. The Scientific American. http://blogs.scientificamerican.com/beautiful-minds/what-the-e2809cnewe2809d-sat-misses-big-time/

Author (2014, March). Let them play. The Daily Quipple. http://thedailyquipple.com/tag/kyung-hee-kim/

Tonges, Kathryn (2014, February). FIGT (Families In Global Transition) conference March 2014. The Slurping Soup. http://www.slurpingsoup.com/2014/02/figt-families-in-global-transition-conference-march-2014/

Cameron, Alex (2014, February). The loss of creativity. The Classroom Practices: Longwood University.

Meyers, Laurie (2014, January). Gifted children: Not immune to low self-esteem. The Counseling Today: A Publication of the American Counseling Association. http://ct.counseling.org/2014/01/gifted-children-not-immune-to-low-self-esteem/

Cersonsky, James (2013, December). The other education crisis: Panic over testing drop in creativity. The FAIR: Fairness & Accuracy In Reporting. http://fair.org/extra/the-other-education-crisis/

Kowarski, Ilana (2013, December). Arts education produces innovative students with critical thinking skills. The Maine Alliance for Arts Education. http://maineartsed.org/2013/11

Kowarski, Ilana (2013, December). Educators combat "creativity crisis" in art instruction. The District Administration. https://www.districtadministration.com/article/educators-combat-%E2%80%9Ccreativity-crisis%E2%80%9D-art-instruction

The Daily Free Press Admin (2013, December). Creativity comes to a halt in the classroom. The Daily Free Press. http://dailyfreepress.com/2013/12/01/creativity-comes-to-a-halt/

Zhao, Yong (2013, November). NAPLAN, HSC will not help students succeed in real life. The Sydney Morning Herald, Australia.

Luzer, Daniel (2013, November). What kills creativity? The Pacific Standard. https://psmag.com/what-kills-creativity-314694ba9c73#.r6kwnj589

Arnold, Alicia (2013, November). Creativity in business: Hiring for innovation. The Daily Creativity. http://alicia-arnold.com/tag/creativity-in-business/

Almon, Joan (2013, October). Reading at Five: Why? The Community Play Things. http://www.communityplaythings.com/resources/articles/2013/reading-at-five-whyOriginally published in T//he Seen Magazine//. http://seenmagazine.us/Articles/Article-Detail/articleid/3238/reading-at-five-why

Almon, Joan (2013, September/October). It's playtime: The value of play in early education, and how to get teachers on board. The NAESP: Leading Learning Communities: National Association of Elementary School Principals: Serving All Elementary and Middle-Level Principals. http://www.naesp.org/principal-septemberoctober-2013-early-learning/it-s-playtime

Hains, Brigid (2013, September). The play deficit: Children today are cossetted and pressured in equal measure. Without the feedom to play they will never grow up. The Aeon. https://aeon.co/essays/children-today-are-suffering-a-severe-deficit-of-play

Clouder, Christopher (2013, August). Creative awakenings: Enabling transformation and enchantment. The European Council of Steiner Waldorf Education. Botin Platform for Innovation in Education. The Alliance for Childhood Education. http://www.allianceforchildhood.eu/files/Book2013/QOC13-Introduction2-Clouder.pdf

Clouder, Christopher (2013, August). Creative awakenings: Enabling transformation and enchantment. Good Morning Creativity. http://www.centrobotin.org/oedihg287ddy278_uploads/web_1/personales/buenos_dias_creatividad/pdfs/cap_clouder-2013.pdf

Segesten, Anamaria Dutceac (2013, July). Creativity in education: Strategies for the classroom. The University of Venus. Inside Higher Ed. https://www.insidehighered.com/blogs/university-venus/creativity-education

Shearin, Megan (2013, June). Tolerating ambiguity inside the creativity classroom. News & Media of the College of William & Mary.

Remmers, V. (2013, May). Richard Bland College graduates challenged to be creative. The Progress. https://www.rbc.edu/in-the-news/richard-bland-college-graduates-challenged-to-be-creative/

Author (2013, May). W&M's Kim will speak at Richard Bland College commencement. In The News, Richard Bland College. https://www.rbc.edu/category/in-the-news/page/11/ Originally published in The Virginia Gazette. http://www.vagazette.com/news/va-vg-william-and-marys-kim-will-speak-at-richard-bland-college-commencement-20130430,0,5841800.story

Dawes, Sarah (2013, May). Creativity expert to deliver Richard Bland’s 50th Commencement Address. Press Release of Richard Bland College. http://www.pr.com/press-release/488824

McLeod, Ashley (2013, May). Class of 2013-Richard Bland College. The Hopewell News. http://www.hopewellnews.com/article_5520.shtml#.UlAcvLy5fNQ

Kapsidelis, Karin (2013, May). Commencement speakers listed. The Richmond Times-Dispatch. http://www.timesdispatch.com/news/local/education/commencement-speakers-listed/article_de894446-cb4c-5e7b-9fda-7d837900acc5.html?mode=jqm

Jaschik, S. (2013, May). Commencement speakers announced. The Inside Higher Ed. http://www.insidehighered.207elmp01.blackmesh.com/news/2013/05/07/colleges-announce-commencement-speakers

Browne, Elizabeth (2013, April). Killing creativity one classroom at a time: the creativity crisis. The Prezi. https://prezi.com/85zhnub2rtt9/killing-creativity-one-classroom-at-a-time/

Badding, Maureen Connors (2013, March). Studies show teens are engaging in less dangerous behaviors. The Metro Parent: Milwaukee. Family. Kids. Resource. Milwaukee Journal Sentinel: Part of The USA Network. http://archive.metroparentmagazine.com/newsandadvice/agesandstages/tweenandteen/the-kids-are-mostly-all-right-studies-show-teens-are-engaging-in-less-dangerous-behavior-269047431.html

Author. (2013, February). Professor takes creativity lessons to France, South Africa and Thailand. International News of the College of William & Mary .http://www.wm.edu/offices/revescenter/news/2013/professor-takes-creativity-lessons-to-france,-south-africa-and-thailand123.php

Stanford, Janet (2013, January). From mudpies to masterpieces: Creativity and children. The Washington Parent. https://www.washingtonparent.com/articles/1301/creativity-and-children.php

Tam, Roslyn (2013, January). The creativity conundrum in education leadership. the National Center for youth Issues: Practical Guidance Resources Educators Can Trust. Originally posted in Educational Leadership Magazine. https://www.ncyi.org/blog/?p=226

Author. (2012, December). American schoolchildren are becoming less creative. The Erziehungskunst: Waldort Education Today. http://www.erziehungskunst.de/en/news/news/american-schoolchildren-are-becoming-less-creative/

Rascón, Erica (2012, November). Beating back boring: Is architectural creativity dead? The Balance Sheet, Yardi Corporate Blog. Originally published in Insight.

Hwang, Kyujin (2012, November). Confucianism and creativity: Get fresh ideas/innovation. The Idea Machine. http://ideamachine.tistory.com/244

Eby, Douglas (2012, October). Maybe gifted underachievers are more creative. The Creative Mind: Psych Central. http://blogs.psychcentral.com/creative-mind/2012/10/maybe-gifted-underachievers-are-more-creative/

Powers, Scott (2012, October). How do we "cause someone to become involved"? The ScottKPowers. http://www.scottkpowers.com/2012_10_01_archive.html

Hannify, Brent (2012, September). Study reports decline in student creativity. The Technapex. http://www.technapex.com/2012/09/study-reports-decline-in-student-creativity/

Author (2012, September). Why kids need freedom to play. The Local Fun For Kids. http://www.localfunforkids.com/home/why-kids-need-freedom-to-play.html

Adams, Cynthia (2012, September). America’s creativity crisis looms large. The University of Georgia Graduate School Magazine: Fall 2012. http://harborlightnews.com/atf.php?sid=11988&current_edition=2011-02-02

Author (2012, August). Kid creation: Stimulating creativity in children through DIY-focused innovations. The Trend Hunter. http://www.trendhunter.com/protrends/kid-creation

MacQuarrie, Ashley (2012, July). Simple ways to cultivate creativity in children.The Learning Lift Off: Reaching New Heights in Your Child's Education. http://www.learningliftoff.com/simple-ways-to-cultivate-creativity-in-children/#.V-6i2JOAOkp

O'Connor, Daniel (2012, July). Investing in teaching disruption. The Disruptive Competition Project: DisCo. http://www.project-disco.org/education/investing-in-teaching-disruption/#.V-2XZZOAOkp

Author. (2012, July). The Case for Creativity. The Center for Childhood Creativity. http://www.centerforchildhoodcreativity.org/research/news-articles/the-case-for-creativity/

Eby, Douglas (2012, July). Are we losing creative thinking ability? The Creative Mind: Psych Central. The Creative Oklahoma: Stage of Creativity. http://blogs.psychcentral.com/creative-mind/2012/07/are-we-losing-creative-thinking-ability/

MacQuarrie, A. (2012, July). Simple ways to cultivate creativity in children. The Think Tank 12: A place where K12 experts share their thoughts on educating students. http://blog.k12.com/2012/07/05/simple-ways-cultivate-creativity-children#.UTQFPuj3cwk

Pfeiffer, Steven (2012, June). Is there s creativity crisis? The Creativity Post. http://www.creativitypost.com/education/is_there_a_creativity_crisis

Morantz, Alan (2012, May). Why are we smarter but less creative? The Yolk: Editorial and Communications Consulting. http://alanmorantz.com/decline-in-creativity-scores/

Williard, David C. (2012, May). The creativity crisis. Public Relations of the College of William & Mary. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oG-5cy8clY8

Williard, David C. (2012, May). Myths about creativity. Public Relations of the College of William & Mary. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kwOUDTHZ81Q

Williard, David C. (2012, May). Creativity defined. Public Relations of the College of William & Mary. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9B0Sr0XIGiE

Williard, David C. (2012, May). Creativity in classrooms. Public Relations of the College of William & Mary. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Kef24yzfw0A

Eby, Douglas (2012, April). Improvising Creativity. The Creative Mind: Psych Central. http://blogs.psychcentral.com/creative-mind/2012/04/improvising-creativity/

McAdams, Robert S. (2012, April). Resources for teachers, Partners in the Arts- School of Education. University of Richmond. http://spcs.richmond.edu/arts/joi-presenters.html

UGA News Service (2012, April). Creativity researcher Kyung Hee Kim to deliver 2012 Torrance Lecture. The Online Athens: Athens Banner Herald. http://onlineathens.com/uga/2012-04-11/creativity-researcher-kyung-hee-kim-deliver-2012-torrance-lecture

Author. (2012, March). Has NCLB harmed children’s creativity? EASA/NCLB Update #119. No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB)/ESEA News and Research. NEA: National Education Association. http://www.nea.org/home/48356.htm

Bailey, R. (2012, March). Championing Creativity. The School Library Monthly. http://www.schoollibrarymonthly.com/articles/Bailey2013-v29n6p32.htm

Luedtke, H. S. (2012, March). What’s killing creativity in kids. The Metro Parent. http://www.metroparent.com/Metro-Parent/March-2012/Whats-Killing-Creativity-in-Kids/

Bullocja. (2012, February). Why “Innovation and Creativity”? Because America may well be in a “creativity crisis.” Bay Vew Middle and High School. Milwaukee Public Schools. http://www5.milwaukee.k12.wi.us/school/bayview/2013/02/04/creativity-crisis/

Selby, Bev (2012, January). Be free... Be bold... Be creative! Colorado Springs Kids Magazine. http://www.nais.org/Magazines-Newsletters/ISMagazine/Pages/Embracing-Our-Creativity.aspx

Nyhan, Paul (2012, January). Five of the more interesting early learning studies of 2011. Thrive Blog, Thrive Washington. https://thrivewa.org/five-of-the-more-interesting-early-learning-studies-of-2011/

Merritt, J. (2012). The creativity crisis. The Arts+ Entertainment. Q ideas for the common good. http://www.qideas.org/blog/the-creativity-crisis.aspx

Author. (2012). How to Encourage Your Kid’s Creativity. News and Stories. News & Media of The College of William & Mary. http://www.wm.edu/news/stories/2012/out-of-context-faculty-inform-the-media007.php

Centolanza, Brandy (2012). Why Santas Workshop doesn’t make iPads. Letter from the Editor. The Virginia Teacher Magazine: A Magazine for Educators across Virginia.

Gillman, Steve (2012, January). Some of the latest research. Increase Brainpower. http://www.increasebrainpower.com/creativity-research.html

Ferlazzo, Larry (2011, December). Standardized testing & creative thinking. The Larry Ferlazzo Education: For Teaching ELL, ESL, & EFL. http://larryferlazzo.edublogs.org/2011/12/27/standardized-testing-creative-thinking/

Centolanza, Brandy (November-December, 2011). Is technology altering our brains? The Virginia Teacher Magazine: A Magazine for Educators across Virginia. http://www.virginiateacheronline.com/PDFs/virginia-teacher/Ed2-VT-Nov_Dec.pdf

(2011, November). The crisis in early education: A research-based case for more play and less pressure. The Online Waldorf Library. http://www.waldorflibrary.org/articles/758-the-crisis-in-early-education. Originally published in The Alliance for Childhood.

Ravitch, D. (2011, November). Response to Eric Hanushek with 59 responses to “Response to Eric Hanushek” The Eduwonk.com. http://www.eduwonk.com/2011/11/strong-reed.htmlhttp://www.eduwonk.com/2011/11/response-to-eric-hanushek.html

Author. (2011, September). Today’s youth less creative? The Indian Express. http://www.indianexpress.com/news/todays-youth-less-creative/840723/

Molland, Judy (2011, September). 5 reasons children need time to play at school. The Care2. http://www.care2.com/causes/5-reasons-children-need-time-to-play-at-school.html

Greeson, B. (2011, September). What parents can do to foster creativity in kids. The Gaston Gazette. http://www.gastongazette.com/news/kids-61049-parents-article.html

Whitmore, Meredith (2011, August). Are kids less creative? Plugged In: Focus on the Family's: Shining A Light on the World of Popular Entertainment. http://pluggedin.focusonthefamily.com/author/meredith-whitmorefotf-org/

Givans, Kate (2011, August). Has imagination become a thing of the past? Growing Your Baby. Originally posted in //Parenting magazine//. http://www.growingyourbaby.com/2011/08/13/has-imagination-become-a-thing-of-the-past/

Barria, B. (2011, August). How to nurture creativity in your child. The Dunwoody Patch. http://dunwoody.patch.com/articles/how-to-nurture-creativity-in-your-child

Ryan, Erin Gloria (2011, August). Modern society making kids uncreative and stuff. The Jezebel. http://jezebel.com/5830670/modern-society-making-kids-uncreative-and-stuff

Daily Mail Reporter (2011, August). Your imagination is not playing tricks on you-- children really are becoming less creative. The Daily Mail. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2025568/Your-imagination-playing-tricks--children-really-creative-study-shows.html

Yi, W. B. (2011, August). Today’s children are less creative that those twenty years ago were. The Kormedi.com News. http://www.artsjournal.com/realcleararts/2011/02/childhood-creativity-center.html

Firstenberg, J. (2011, August). Overbooked kids a challenge for families, less creative children. The Digital Journal. http://www.digitaljournal.com/article/310304

Osmolska, Dominika (2011, August). Children today show signs of being less creative. The Emax Health. http://www.emaxhealth.com/6705/children-today-show-signs-being-less-creative

Caldwell. R. (2011, August). Kids may not be as creative as they used to be. The Imperfect Parent. http://www.imperfectparent.com/topics/2011/08/15/kids-may-not-be-as-creative-as-they-used-to-be/

Rettner, R. (2011, August). Not your imagination: Kids today really are less creative, study says. The Live Science. http://today.msnbc.msn.com/id/44122383/ns/today-parenting/t/not-your-imagination-kids-today-really-are-less-creative-study-says/

Stafford, R. (2011, May). The search for creativity. FSG.org. http://www.fsg.org/blog/search-creativity

Evans, Jill (2011, April). Creativity essential for working through crisis and employee engagement. The Creativity Land Inc. http://www.creativityland.ca/creativity-essential-for-working-through-crisis-and-employee-engagement/
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Gibbs, Hope Katz (2011, February). Researcher Ashley Merryman explains why creativity scores are falling. The Be Inkandescent: The Ezine For Entrepreneurs, By Entrepreneurs. http://www.beinkandescent.com/articles/464/education-how-creative-are-your-kids

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Garland, Stacia (2010, December). Schools to blame for falling creativity scores. The Exquisite Minds: Gifted and Creative Children http://www.exquisite-minds.com/gifted-education/decline-of-creativity/

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Brady, Mark (2010, November). 15 tips for creating creative kids from educational psychologist Kyung Hee Kim. The Committed Parent: Translating Social Neuroscience To Help Parents Raise Kids We Can Live With and Are Crazy About~. http://www.committedparent.com/Creativity.html

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Sheehan, E. (2010, October). Creativity crisis. The Urban Baby Buzz. http://blogs.urbanbaby.com/buzz/2010/10/15/creativity-crisis/

Cox, Kathy (2010, October). Creativity and NCLB. In The Trenches with School Reform: A Place For All those Who Care About Education To Dialogue About School Reform... And, Together, Take Action! //http://www.inthetrencheswithschoolreform.com/donald-treffingers-stages-of-creative-problem-solving///

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Sartorius, Iosue Andreas (2010, October). Kyung Hee Kim on American Creativity. The Western Confucian. http://orientem.blogspot.com/2010/10/kyung-hee-kim-on-american-creativity.html?showComment=128755998699

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Varelidi, C. (2010, October). Switch monsters and creativity in the classroom. The Design 2 Play. http://design2play.tumblr.com/post/1295667607/switch-monsters-and-creativity-in-the-classroom

Oliver, Michael (2010, September). Creativity Crisis: Dear Zaharis families. Zaharis Elementary: Home of the Soaring Eagles. http://www.mpsaz.org/zaharis/staff/maoliver/link/

Smith, J. (2010, September). How to make scrap iron sculptures. The eHow.com. http://www.ehow.com/how_6968908_make-scrap-iron-sculptures.htm

Rogers, Karen (2010, August) The decline of creativity in the United States: 5 questions for educational psychologist Kyung Hee Kim. In K. Rogers (Ed.), Encyclopaedia Britannica: Creativity. http://www.scoop.it/t/art-education-differentiation-giftedness/p/1383157568/2012/03/08/the-decline-of-creativity-in-the-united-states-5-questions-for-educational-psychologist-kyung-hee-kim-britannica-blog

Roberts, K. (2010, September). No child left creative? The Blogging Innovation: The Clobal Innovation Community. http://www.business-strategy-innovation.com/wordpress/2010/09/no-child-left-creative

Author. (2010, September). Entries in creativity (1): Promoting creativity in learning. The Hyper Home School. http://www.hyperhomeschool.com/hyperhomeschool_blog/tag/creativity

Robinson, R., Thorson, R., Widder, J., Oweley, D., & Ulrich, M.H. (2010, September). The Wisconsin Association for Talented and Gifted Creativity Guide 2010. Wisconsin Association for Talented and Gifted. http://watg.org/attachments/File/CRG_Complete.pdf

Suomela, Todd (2010, September). Creativity crises. The Eccentric Eclectica, Todd Suomela. http://toddsuomela.com/tag/creativity/

Author (2010, August). Will there be "Torrance Kids" in the future? Or will we have killed creativity? The Creative Consultants: Where Creativity Comes From the Heart. https://creativite-consultants.com/2010/08/27/torrance-the-test-of-creativity/

Costello, Bill (2010, August). The last American skill. The Education News.org. http://www.educationnews.org/commentaries/insights_on_education/96526.html

Murphy Kate (2010, August). My high blood pressure and test scores: The connection is not what you’d think. The Education Report. http://www.ibabuzz.com/education/2010/08/25/my-high-blood-pressure-and-test-scores-the-connection-is-not-what-you%E2%80%99d-think/

Mathews, Jay (2010, August). The Washington Post.

Roberts, Kevin (2010, August). Inspired minds at LRGS (Part 2): Creating creative leaders. The KR Connect: One From The Heart. http://krconnect.blogspot.com/2010/08/inspired-minds-at-lrgs-part-2-creating.html

Kang, Vanns (2010, August). Conditions to foster creativity: Convergent and divergent thinking. The Health 20: High Concept & High Touch. http://health20.kr/1781

Walton, William J. (2010, August). RPGs and the creativity crisis, The Escapist: The Reality of Fantasy Games: Roleplaying Advocacy Since 1995. http://theescapist.com/blog/tiki-view_blog_post.php?blogId=5&postId=206

Koster, Raph (2010, July). Games and the creativity crisis. Raph Koster. http://www.raphkoster.com/2010/07/12/games-and-the-creativity-crisis/

Corbett, Kevin (2010, July). Torrance Tests of Creative Thinking (TTCT). Kevin Corbett. http://kevincorbett.com/2010/07/

Zagursky, Erin (2010, July). Professor discusses America’s creativity crisis in Newsweek. News & Events of the College of William & Mary. http://www.wm.edu/news/stories/2010/professor-discusses-americas-creativity-crisis-in-newsweek-123.php

Von Zastrow, Claus (2010, July). Should we teach creativity? Can we? The Learning First Alliance: Strengthening Public Schools for Every Child. http://www.learningfirst.org/should-we-teach-creativity-can-we

Von Zastrow, Claus (2010, July). “The Creativity Crisis”: a Conversation with NurtureShock author Ashley Merryman,” The Learning First Alliance: Strengthening Public Schools for Every Child. http://www.learningfirst.org/creativity-crisis-conversation-nurture-shock-author-ashley-merryman

Smollin, M. (2010, July). Kyung Hee Kim, Creativity in America: Past, present, and future. The Take Part: Inspiration to Action. http://www.takepart.com/news/tag/kyung-hee-kim

Wolff, J. (2010, July). Shocking findings regarding creativity in America. The Time to Write. http://timetowrite.blogs.com/weblog/2010/07/shocking-findings-regarding-creativity-in-america.html

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Beaubien, Greg (2010, July). Why are American kids losing their creativity? The Public Relations Society of America: PRSA. http://www.prsa.org/SearchResults/view/8720/105/Why_are_American_kids_losing_their_creativity

McKenzie, Neil (2010, July). Creatives wanted: The creative problem solving opportunity. The Creatives and Business LLC: Business and Marketing Know-How For Artists & Arts Organizations. http://creativesandbusiness.com/354-creatives-wanted-the-creative-problem-solving-opportunity/

Mitra, Achinta (2010, July). Can industrial and B2B marketers learn creative problem solving from fifth graders? The Industrial Marketing Today. http://industrialmarketingtoday.com/can-industrial-b2b-marketers-learn-creative-problem-solving-from-fifth-graders/

Hummel, P. (2010, July). Teaching children to be creative. The Suite101.com. http://www.suite101.com/content/teaching-children-to-be-creative-a262584

Manning-Schaffel, Vivian (2010, July). The creativity crisis: Are your kids suffering? The Momlogic: What Moms Are Talking About. http://www.momlogic.com/2010/07/the_creativity_crisis_are_your_kids_suffering.php

Metzger, Richard (2010, July). The creativity crisis in American children. Dangerous Minds. http://dangerousminds.net/comments/the_creativity_crisis_in_american_children

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Williams, Beth Vendryes (2010, July). Is America throwing out ingenuity?. The Make Art: Transform Life. http://www.makearttransformlife.com/page/3/

Bourdain, Black; Hanson, R. (2010, July). Falling creativity. The Merc80. http://merc80.com/tag/creative-intelligence/

Von Zastrow, Claus (2010, July). Should we teach creativity? Can we? The Learning First Alliance: Strengthening Public Schools for Every Child. http://www.learningfirst.org/should-we-teach-creativity-can-we

Khephra. (2010, July). Counter-balancing pro-capitalist teaching with critical pedagogy. The Sophrosyne Radical. http://www.momlogic.com/2010/07/the_creativity_crisis_are_your_kids_suffering.php

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Harryman, Connie (2010, July). Trend watch: Creativity scores headed downward for U.S. #innovation. The Develop Your Creative Thinking: Unleash Your Creative and Economic Prosperity! http://developyourcreativethinking.com/

Baker, Marty (2010, July). The death of brainstorming. Newsweek got it wrong. The Creativity Central: Business Ideas. Creativity. Innovation. Brainstorming. All in One Place. http://creativitycentral.squarespace.com/creativity-central/?currentPage=4

Samaha, A. (2010, July). Hope on brick: CITYarts revitalizes community and creativity through youth art projects.The Examiner.com: New York. http://www.examiner.com/urban-policy-in-new-york/hope-on-brick-cityarts-revitalizes-community-and-creativity-through-youth-art-projects

Damp Fang Contributor (2010, July). Hope on brick: CITYarts revitalizes community and creativity through youth art projects.
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Wilson, Greg. (2010, July). Apparently we’re less creative. The Third Bit. http://third-bit.com/blog/archives/3954.html

Peoplematter (2010, July). IBM poll of CEOs found creativity the #1 leadership competence of future//.// The People Matter HR.

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Jacobs, Alan (2010, July). Creativity in crisis. The New Atlantis: A Journal of Technology & Society. http://text-patterns.thenewatlantis.com/2010_07_01_archive.html

Tinsley, M. (2010, July). American creativity scores are falling. The Visual Arts Center of Richmond. http://visarts.org/blog/author/outreach/

Ippolito, Jon (2010, July). Kids are growing up less creative. The NMDnet:A Meta-Network of The University of Maine. http://www.nmdnet.org/2010/07/

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Author. (2009, Winter). VAG winners at NAGC. The Virginia Association for the Gifted Newsletter. http://www.vagifted.org/Newsletters/VAGnews_Winter09.pdf

Podell, R. (2008, April). EMU’s best and brightest honored during “Salute to Excellence” week. The Focus EMU Online. http://www.emich.edu/focus_emu/040108/woewrap.html

Jarrell, K. (2008, April). Distinguished Faculty: Kim creates family atmosphere with her teaching. The Focus EMU Online. http://www.emich.edu/focus_emu/042208/kimdf.htm

Author. (2008, April). Alumni News. The University of Georgia College of Education News. http://www.coe.uga.edu/cgi-coenews/artman/exec/search.cgi?cat=20&start=26&perpage=25&template=index/alumni_news.html

Please click the link for a recent William & Mary news article about Dr. Kim's international speaking engagements.

"Researcher KH Kim Captivates Audiences"
By Erin Breedlove, Creativity Scholar at the Torrance Center, 5/11/2012
Dr. KH Kim, a researcher with international acclaim in the field of creativity, presented the 2012 Torrance Lecture at the University of Georgia. The lecture celebrates the work of the late E. Paul Torrance and current trends in the field of creativity. Dr. Kim worked with Dr. Torrance during his final months. She also found her mentor, Dr. Bonnie Cramond, during graduate study at the Torrance Center. Dr. Kim and her research have appeared in publications such as Newsweek, The Wall Street Journal, The U.S. News & World Report, and The Washington Post, as well as numerous international media.

The Torrance Center and the College of Education, The University of Georgia, sponsor the lecture each April to reflect current issues and research in the field of creativity. Kim’s research studies and writings are relevant to both academics and the general public because she raises important questions surrounding critical issues, such as the effects of standardized testing on the attitudes of children, and the accuracy and validity of tests used in employment and academic placements. For example, Kim’s research discovered that there is only a negligible relationship between IQ and creativity. “You can have a low IQ and be creative,” she says.

According to the College of Education at the University of Georgia, Kim’s work “dropped a bomb” with the July 19, 2011 Newsweek cover story that reported a significant decrease in creativity scores that were on the rise prior to1990. Kim also reports, “The Torrance Tests of Creative Thinking predict creative achievement three times better than IQ tests.”

Her passion for her work captivates audiences. Through candid discussion of her childhood in South Korea, she reveals that through the support of one of her teachers at a young age, she became the first female from her village who went on to high school, and she eventually earned an American Ph.D. Thanks to that teacher, Kim avoided a future as a worker in a sock shop. Her achievements are also impressive because, as she reveals, her parents were among the “one-percent of South Koreans who were illiterate,” with only first and third grade educations.

One of Kim’s major research emphases within the study of creativity is that of divergent thinking, which has been beautifully and dramatically demonstrated through her unique life story. Her lecture focused on her newly developed creativity theory and the importance of fostering creativity. Creativity and lack thereof are key elements to the telling of Kim’s story.

Kim says successful creativity requires a creative climate, a creative attitude, and creative thinking. Creative climate is the physical and psychological support for fostering ideas. Creative attitude is centered on open-mindedness and openness to the novelty of new ideas. Creative thinking is a mixture of convergent and divergent thinking, which are narrow and broad scope thought processes, respectively. A healthy combination of convergent and divergent thinking creates a mental database conducive to creative thought and the development of new, thoughtful ideas and processes.

Despite entering graduate school at the University of Georgia and thinking of herself as “disabled” because her Korean cultural standards prohibited speaking in class, Kim thrived off of the attention shown to her by her mentor, Dr. Bonnie Cramond. Dr. Cramond brought out Kim’s creativity by encouraging her to voice her thoughts and ideas, and by allowing her the freedom to make mistakes and errors. Kim explains that this was fostering Kim’s creative attitude through the creative climate in Dr. Cramond’s classroom. Dr. Hébert further assisted Kim in job interview preparations by changing Kim’s modesty and self-effacement, which is valued in Kim’s own Asian culture, into self-confidence at her job interviews. Eventually Kim was appointed as an assistant professor at Eastern Michigan University in 2005.

Currently, Dr. Kim is an Associate Professor at The College of William and Mary. She earned her tenure last year. She laughs at the widely held misconception among international students, that William and Mary is a community college. “In fact,” she says. “The College is ranked as the fifth best public university in the nation.”

Kim’s poise, generosity, scholarship, and overwhelming kindness have transformed every situation with which she comes in contact. At the conclusion of her lecture, she announced to the enrapt audience that she has elected to donate the entirety of her speaker’s fees to the Torrance Center and to the work of her greatest mentor, Dr. Bonnie Cramond. Kim’s personality, scholarship, sincere devotion to students, and furthering the knowledge of the field of creativity allows so many to consider her a modern day E. Paul Torrance, carrying the legacy of creativity research to the ends of the earth.

"Dr. Kim Speaks in Paris and Nice, France"
By Chip Goldstein, Dr. Kim’s Assistant, 12/08/2012
Dr. KH Kim recently represented the College of William and Mary and the School of Education in Nice, France, where she was a keynote speaker at the 2012 ECIS Annual Teachers Conference, held in late November. She had previously spoken at the ECIS Annual Administrators Conference held in April 2011 in Istanbul, Turkey. Even though the organization is named the European Council of International Schools (ECIS), the 6000 member schools are in 93 countries all around the world. Dr. Kim met with teachers and administrators from across Europe, Great Britain, the Middle East, Africa, as well as North, South, and Central America.

Dr. Kim was one of the featured “TED talk” lecturers who presented live all over the world on the Internet stream from the conference. She spoke about the definition of creativity, some common myths that surround creativity, and the researched facts about the science of creativity.

One of the myths is the widely held belief, “I love creativity.” Dr. Kim explained that in reality, people like the status quo, and sometimes IMG_0471.jpg and the hard work leading up to creative products results in adjustment periods and discomfort for the public. Creativity is making something useful that is better, different, and original, so by definition, it upsets the status quo, and may not always be as welcome as the new IPhone. Trend setting avant-garde arts, ideas, and products may initially be despised, rejected, or neglected by the public. So, maybe the creators also experience mal-treatment. Most creative people are not crazy, but they are different from other people in the various typical creative attitudes they express. Homes, schools, and workplaces can encourage creativity by providing a creative climate that allows for expression of creative attitudes.

Dr. Kim illustrates the ideal creative climate to encourage creative attitudes using gardening terms. She describes the Sun Climate of inspiration and encouragement, the Storm Climate of challenge and adversity, the Space Climate of unconscious mental processing and growth, and the Soil Climate of learning resources and experiences. A child in the wrong creative climate cannot express and develop creative attitudes, and the world will be less for the lack of those unrealized creative contributions.

Dr. Kim studies the differences between intelligence and creativity, and at the conference she gave examples of how a person can be very creative and lack intelligence, and vice versa. She discussed the results of her famous “Creativity Crisis” study, and ways for parents, schools, and employers to help reverse the trend.

In another address, a “breakout session,” she talked about the creative development of Marie Curie, and how a creative climate prepared Curie with the typical creative attitudes that led to her winning two Nobel Prizes. Dr. Kim also talked about how those same attitudes invalidated Curie’s scientific contributions in the eyes of the public, when the public scorned her for matters in her personal life and her personality and attitudes. Despite her critics, Curie was able to start the Radium Institute in France, which led to her daughter, her son-in-law, and two of her other students also winning Nobel Prizes. Marie Curie, like the eminent creators who came before her, was led by her passion for her subject to move forward against tremendous obstacles as a minority of one. Her perseverance and resistance led to a new world of medicine and science and technology that continues to unfold as other creators follow the paths she defined. It all started with her creative climate as a child, and there was no magic or special trick that led to all of the wonderful and terrible results that continue to emanate from the isolation of radium and the ongoing study of radiation.

Dr. Kim also ran a teacher’s workshop at the conference, where she divided her international audience into small groups of strangers, and gave them a series of projects and tasks designed to exhibit the creative climate model in several learning modalities. The groups defined something special and unique that they shared that would set their group apart from the others. The groups drew symbolic flags and wrote songs, which they each presented to the entire workshop assembly. The exercises allowed Dr. Kim to exhibit the steps of creative thinking, and participants followed the defined steps to learn how creative thinking occurs. The exercises also showed participants how each of the elements in Dr. Kim’s creative climate model is necessary for creative thinking to take place.

Dr. Kim also attended presentations and learned about the ECIS model. Much of the ECIS philosophy focuses on providing a healthy creative climate for its students. International Schools are mostly English-speaking based schools that welcome students from all different nationalities and languages. These schools tend to attract a lot of transitional families, who may live in several different countries during students’ school years. Central to their learning is instruction in English, even when English is a language they are just learning. International Schools are accustomed to the common problems and needs of their students, so they can better serve this unique subset of families. The families may be living in host countries for any reason, but often they have relocated to their host countries for private enterprise, government, or military work. Some of these families move to a different country every year. Local families also send their children to International Schools because of the careful educational practices and philosophies the schools follow.

Dr. Kim was also invited to speak to an ECIS member school, the International School of Paris (ISP) in Paris, France, where some of the classes and administration are housed in buildings that are well over 100 years old. The buildings are modernized inside, with drop ceilings and contemporary fixtures, so students do not feel like they are schooled in buildings constructed during the Mid-1800’s. Paris is an historic city where artifacts and architecture are plentiful, and buildings like these are not particularly remarkable, except for what takes place inside of them. The children at the ISP seem to flourish in the creative climate provided in that inspirational and multi-cultural backdrop.

At the conference in Nice, Dr. Kim was interrupted by applause, and she was unable to finish her TED talk, but that presentation and some of her other presentations are available on itunes and on youtube. You can learn more about her and her famous research there, or by reading articles about her on the Internet, in Newsweek, US News and World Report, the Wall Street Journal, and a multitude of other national and international publications. If you have any questions or comments, you can contact Dr. Kim at kkim@wm.edu.

"Dr. Kim Takes Her Creative CAT Theory to Africa"
By Chip Goldstein, Dr. Kim’s Assistant
Dr. KH Kim of the W&M School of Education traveled to Africa for almost a month, from Mid-December to Mid-January, where she presented her theories of creativity and trained teachers and staff as well as students. School had just reconvened after the summer break, which begins in December there. The students at the African Leadership Academy (ALA: http://www.africanleadershipacademy.org/news/ala-founder-fred-swaniker-cnn) were excited, because they had been visiting their home cities, villages, or refuge camps all over Africa, and they were relieved to be back in the embrace of the boarding school they also called home. These are an elite group of students, and they are used to guests from all over the world, but they were unaccustomed to Asian visitors, like Dr. Kim. They were curious and eager to hear what Dr. Kim had to say and how she could help them grow up to be future leaders for positive change in Africa.

Dr. Kim was especially eager to help, and while the students were on break, she was exploring South Africa, trying to understand how she could make the greatest impact at the ALA. She was in Cape Town, South Africa for Christmas, at the Southern most part of the country, and then she and her assistant drove to a different city almost every day, traveling through the mountains, along the coast, and then into the bush, reading and learning about the places they visited, and in search of ways they could enlighten the ALA and help bring positive change to the African continent. They were in Durban, South Africa, for New Years Eve, and then drove through the Kingdom of Swaziland (i.e., another country next to South Africa) and Kruger National Park, South Africa, before reaching the ALA, in Johannesburg. In her travels, she spoke with almost everyone she met, students of every age, school teachers and administrators, city workers and politicians, security guards and farmers, street vendors, waiters and bartenders, cooks and maids, business and property owners, and the unemployed. She talked with these people about their life stories, and about their schools, teachers, educations, and expectations.

Dr. Kim feels so connected to South Africa and to the continent, because her visit reminds her so much of where she grew up, in South Korea. South Korea in the 60’s and 70’s was very poor. Just like in South Africa, many Koreans lived in squalor, in shacks without utilities, carrying their scant produce to market in baskets balanced on their heads. First, from 1910 to 1945, Japanese colonialism had sought to destroy every aspect of Korean wealth and culture. That ended with the nuclear bombs dropped in Nagasaki and Hiroshima, but then the Korean War lasted another three years, resulting in utter decimation and a divided Korea. Strong leadership, education, and hard work elevated South Korea to the industrialized, first world country it is today, which may have made our cell phone, our stereo, and our automobile, but the South Africa of today reminded Dr. Kim of Korea during her childhood. She feels connected to the country, and especially to the students at the ALA.

The ALA is a two year high-school or post high-school program, and students are selected from all over Africa, based on their demonstrated entrepreneurial achievements, community projects achievement, and commitment to Africa. Some of these students have invented water purification systems to bring safe drinking water to their villages. Another student opened a school, so that women in his refuge camp could get an education. Street vendor leagues, public farming efforts, feeding programs: each of the students has pursued various ways of improving their communities, and each has a different story to tell. The ALA brings these disparate groups together, and they all learn to tolerate, appreciate, and synthesize the differences in language, religions, cultures, and others among them at this unique academic village.

Because these students come from all over Africa, the expectation is that the ALA will help change the entire continent. Instead of fighting wars, these future leaders will be able to call on their former classmates to help solve and avoid conflicts. When their communities are facing hunger, they can look to their networks for solutions. Even though the school was just founded in 2007, it has already had students from 48 of Africa’s 55 countries. All of the graduates- all 100 of them- will go to college, probably in an American or European school of some prestige, and each has signed a contract agreeing to return to Africa after college.

The ALA also maintains a strong internship program, both for its students and its graduates in college. During school breaks, students work in internship programs throughout Africa that the school has arranged for them. The school has four staff people making the travel and placement arrangements for this program. The internship program is integral to the ALA’s strategy to recoup on the investment it makes in these children, by maintaining the students’ connections and interests in Africa.

The students take classes in Entrepreneurial Leadership and in Africa Studies, as well as other core subjects, like mathematics and physics. They are also required to be involved in some entrepreneurial effort throughout their schooling. There is a student run snack shop and a student run hair salon. There are farms and import businesses and retail establishments. One student won a 2012 Google Zeitgeist Award for his water purification system that brought potable water to his native village, and he has started a bottling company. Another student is designing an outfit and jewelry that will be worn at this year’s Oscars.

Dr. Kim determined that the ALA provided a creative climate, which is the foundation for creative attitude and creative thinking to be able to occur. A creative climate is an environment and set of psychological safety that allows expression of creative attitudes. When people express their creative attitudes, they can engage in creative thinking, and creativity can result.

Creativity is making something that is useful, and that is also new, better, or different. Creativity is more than just having an unusual or new idea: the idea has to be put into some form so that it can be useful.

Dr. Kim also dispelled a number of myths about creativity. Creativity occurs in science and technology, business, and in every field, and it is not limited to creativity in the arts, as many presume. Creativity occurs on very small levels, as in the kitchen, and on macro levels, as in the contributions of Nobel Prize laureates. Creativity is what keeps making the world better.

Another myth is that creativity increases with intelligence. As Dr. Kim’s research has helped to establish, creativity and intelligence are different abilities, and someone can be very creative and not very intelligent, and vice versa. Creativity does require a level of experience or expertise within a domain or area of thought.

The students at the ALA are uniquely positioned to bring their different experiences together to take on the challenges confronting Africa. South Africa is one of the most stable governments and safest places to visit in Africa; nonetheless, it is plagued with corrupt governments and policemen and other officials asking for bribes. These students are learning how to resist and confront these kinds of problems. The ALA brings speakers like Dr. Kim to give the students tools, solutions, and inspiration for solving Africa’s problems in new, better, and different ways.

At the ALA, Dr. Kim administered a creativity test to the children. She also led a group creative thinking process exercise, where groups of students collaborated to define the most significant underlying problem facing Africa. Dr. Kim had researched and identified the nine major problems facing Africa that was modified from the findings from The South Africa National Planning Commission in 2011. These include:
  1. Too few Africans work. Unemployment rate if extremely high through Africa.
  2. The quality of school education for most people is sub standard.
  3. Poorly located and inadequate infrastructure limits social inclusion and faster economic growth.
  4. Spatial challenges continue to marginalize the poor.
  5. Africa’s growth path is highly resource intensive and hence unsustainable.
  6. The ailing public health system confronts a massive disease burden.
  7. The performance of the public service is uneven.
  8. Corruption undermines state legitimacy and service delivery.
  9. Africa remains a divided society.
At the last stage of the Creative Thinking Process Activities, the students groups presented their ideas in the form of a 45 second commercial, to sell their solutions to an imagined television audience. Their presentations included several which identified poor leadership as the underlying problem facing Africa. From minor government officials, like customs officers and policemen, to the leaders of some African nations, bribery and influence is rife throughout Africa. The commercials by ALA’s young leaders showed some of the ways they would resist that corruption and preserve fairness in governance and in government contracting.

At the teachers training, Dr. Kim presented and exercised activities that promote creative thinking skills. According to Dr. Kim’s Creative CAT theory, the foundation for creativity to occur is present at the ALA. The Academy provides a creative climate that is generally healthy and appropriate where creative attitudes can be expressed. Dr. Kim thus discussed the creative attitudes that are typical in creators, so that the faculty can recognize those attitudes and encourage them. Dr. Kim also presented a series of questions that could be asked in various subjects, such as mathematics, science, arts, and business classes, to encourage development of various creative attitudes in students.

The students at the ALA are seeds of hope that will be scattered back across Africa, and Dr. Kim enjoyed being a part of their multi-faceted education. Many of the students have continued to communicate with her via email and Skype, about ways they can increase their creative thinking skills and how to explore the options available to them creatively. Dr. Kim has also enjoyed sharing the story of her own meager beginnings with these students, who find encouragement in Dr. Kim’s current achievements. With children like the ALA’s, and with a program focused on successful problem finding and solution finding, the ALA’s mission and Dr. Kim’s theories share a lot of common ground. The ALA can further encourage creativity in its students by enriching its creative climate, and by allowing freer expression of creative attitudes. Further, it can acquire a clearer understanding of what creativity is and infuse creative learning exercises into all of its courses. The students come from all over Africa, and they are learning to preserve their identities, while they revel in the idea of being part of a much larger whole. Exploring the differences between cultural perspectives is the kind of place where creativity often emerges. Dr. Kim was honored to share her insights and observations with this special school, and excited from all she had learned on her experiences at the ALA and throughout Africa. It is a special feeling to understand she has been a part of teaching leaders who are going to better Africa and the world.

Dr. Kim Takes Her Creative CAT Theory to the 2013 Near East South Asia Conference in Bangkok, Thailand
By Chip Goldstein, Dr. Kim's Assistant
Imagine educators from Palestine, Israel, Pakistan, India, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, and other Near East and South Asian countries working together to improve creative thinking in their grade schools. This really happened at the 2013 Near East South Asia (NESA) conference in Bangkok, Thailand, held in April near the East bank of the Chao Phram river. Dr. Kyung Hee Kim of the School of Education made a Keynote presentation, and led a two day workshop with an international group of educators, all on the topics related to the science of creative thinking. Dr. Kim was so touched by the conference and the attendees, that she donated her entire speaking fee back to NESA.

Creative thinking first requires a creative climate, and this is often lacking or threatened in the cultures of some of the attendees’ countries. By understanding the threat, teachers can resist it, and they can try to provide a climate at school that allows opportunities for inspiration and warmth, challenge and failure, access to diverse resources, and time for independent thought, exploration, and expression. Whether in politics, the sciences, or the arts, creativity will solve the problems of the future. Students must be prepared with open minds to accurately find and define those problems, and then to seek out many, original, diverse possible solutions to find the best answers.

Many NESA schools already provide a creative climate, even amid the shrinking tolerance of creative thinking and creative attitudes in their host countries. NESA members all teach in English as the principal language and many of the students and teachers have lived in many countries, and they bring many cultures, traditions, and ideas together in tolerance and understanding. Conferences like the one attended by Dr. Kim are a part of the support network and resources provided to these schools as NESA members to hone teaching skills and student learning. Over 700 teachers and educators attended. Many attendees had also taught in many other parts of the world. Several had worked in Korea at one time or another, and spoke with Dr. Kim in Korean.

Dr. Kim’s research reveals that creativity often occurs when people are outside of their usual comfort zones, because diverse thoughts and observations can come from taking an unusual or unaccustomed perspective. At the conference, and in the workshop led by Dr. Kim, attendees were often seated beside participants from traditionally opposed countries. Dr. Kim tasked these diverse groups to work together to identify the principal underlying barrier to divergent thinking in their schools, and to find solutions to the problem. To encourage multiple-modality learning, the groups presented their conclusions in the form of a statement, a graphic depiction, a song, and a skit.

While the newspapers reminded the attendees about the intractable conflicts and elusive solutions awaiting them in their home nations, their experiences at the conference proved to them that people can set aside race, religion, gender, and other regional differences to work together with respect, to find common problems and solutions, and to forge connections and friendships in the process.

Dr. Kim's contact information is:
Dr. KH Kim
301 Monticello Avenue
PO Box 8795, School of Education
The College of William and Mary
Williamsburg, VA 23187